اِسْتِعَاذَة — تَعَوُّذ
We must know that the correct etiquette or method for reading the Qur’an is that before we begin to read or recite, we seek refuge in Allah the Most High from Satan. Allah had actually stated that in a verse in the Qur’an that we should do so before reading. This is to keep satanic forces away and keep us focused. The same is done in the prayer(namaz/salah) also.
The wordings for seeking the refuge are;
أَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيْم
‘A’oozu billaahi minash-shaytaan-nir-rajeem’
‘I seek refuge in Allah from Satan the cursed’.
Following verses elaborate the significance of Isti’aazah and Allah’s commandments regarding it…
verse # 1:
Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish (i.e. don’t punish them). And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaitan (Satan) then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
Chapter Aaraaf 7: verses 199-200
verse # 2:
Repel evil with that which is better. We are Best-Acquainted with the things they utter. And say: “My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings (suggestions) of the Shayatin (devils). “And I seek refuge with You, My Lord! lest they may attend (or come near) me.”
Chapter Mo’minoon 23: verses 96-98
verse # 3:
The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with one which is better (i.e. Allah ordered the faithful believers to be patient at the time of anger, and to excuse those who treat them badly), then verily! he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend. But none is granted it (the above quality) except those who are patient, and none is granted it except the owner of the great portion (of the happiness in the Hereafter i.e. Paradise and in this world of a high moral character). And if an evil whisper from Shaitan (Satan) tries to turn you away (from doing good, etc.), then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.
Chapter Fussilat 41: verses 34-36
Allah the Exalted has commanded us to be lenient even with our enemy(among the human beings). Reason behind this is full of wisdom. Our being lenient may allow the soft nature of the enemy to rise up and he may resultantly become an ally and a supporter.
But, Allah the Glorified has also commanded us to seek refuge from the Satan(enemy among the devils). Because the devil does not relent in his enmity even if we treat him(devil) with kindness and leniency. The devil only seeks the destruction of the Son of Adam due to the vicious enmity and hatred he(devil) has always had towards our Father Adam peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.
verse # 4:
O Children of Adam! Let not Shaitan (Satan) deceive you, as he got your parents [Adam and Hawwa (Eve)] out of Paradise, stripping them of their raiments, to show them their private parts. Verily, he and Qabiluhu (his soldiers from the jinns or his tribe) see you from where you cannot see them. Verily, We made the Shayatin (devils) Auliya’ (protectors and helpers) for those who believe not.
Chapter Aaraaf 7:verse 27
verse # 5:
Surely, Shaitan (Satan) is an enemy to you, so take (treat) him as an enemy. He only invites his Hizb (followers) that they may become the dwellers of the blazing Fire.
Chapter Faatir 35: verse 6
verse # 6:
And (remember) when We said to the angels; “Prostrate to Adam.” So they prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He was one of the jinns; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord. Will you then take him (Iblis) and his offspring as protectors and helpers rather than Me while they are enemies to you? What an evil is the exchange for the Zalimun (polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc).
Chapter Kahf 18: verse 50
The devil assured Adam that he(devil) wanted to advise him(Adam), but he(devil) was lying. Hence, how would he(devil) treat us after he(devil) has vowed;
verse # 7:
[Iblis (Satan)] said: “By Your Might, then I will surely mislead them all, “Except Your chosen slaves amongst them (faithful, obedient, true believers of Islamic Monotheism).”
Chapter Saad 38: verses 82-83
THE COMMANDMENT OF ISTI’AAZAH BEFORE RECITING THE QUR’AN
verse # 8:
So when you want to recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one). Verily! He has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord (Allah). His power is only over those who obey and follow him (Satan), and those who join partners with Him (Allah) [i.e. those who are Mushrikun – polytheists.
Chapter Nahl 16: verses 98-100