الأدب المفرد للبخاري » بَابُ : الدُّعَاءِ عِنْدَ الاسْتِخَارَةِ
جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ، يَقُولُ : دَعَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي هَذَا الْمَسْجِدِ ، مَسْجِدِ الْفَتْحِ ، يَوْمَ الاثْنَيْنِ وَيَوْمَ الثُّلاثَاءِ وَيَوْمَ الأَرْبِعَاءِ ، فَاسْتُجِيبَ لَهُ بَيْنَ الصَّلاتَيْنِ مِنْ يَوْمِ الأَرْبِعَاءِ ،
قَالَ جَابِرٌ : وَلَمْ يَنْزِلْ بِي أَمْرٌ مُهِمٌّ غائِظٌ إِلا تَوَخَّيْتُ تِلْكَ السَّاعَةَ ، فَدَعَوْتُ اللَّهَ فِيهِ بَيْنَ الصَّلاتَيْنِ يَوْمَ الأَرْبِعَاءِ فِي تِلْكَ السَّاعَةِ ، إِلا عَرَفْتُ الإِجَابَةَ
“Jabir Ibn ‘Abdullah (may Allaah be pleased with him ) said, “ The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) supplicated to Allaah in this masjid (Masjid Al-Fath) on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. His dua was answered on Wednesday between the prayers of Zuhr and Asr.
Jabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said,” There wasn’t anything that was crucially important for me to have solved, except I called on Allaah during that hour of the day between Zuhr and Asr knowing He would answer.”
singling out Friday for fasting, or singling out the night of Friday for doing acts of worship is forbidden
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not single out the night of Friday for qiyaam al-layl, and do not single out the day of Friday for fasting, unless that is part of the habitual fasting of any one of you.”
(Narrated by Muslim, 1144).
So, along with these virtues and acts of worship, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade singling out Friday for fasting, or singling out the night of Friday for doing acts of worship that are not narrated in sharee’ah.
There are many acts of worship which are prescribed for the Muslim to do on this day. These include:
1 – Salaat al-Jumu’ah (Friday prayer)
2 – Making a lot of du’aa’.
3 – Reading Soorat al-Kahf.
4 – Sending a lot of blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
Praise be to Allaah.
There are saheeh ahaadeeth from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) concerning the virtues of reciting Soorat al-Kahf during the day or night of Jumu’ah (Friday). These include:
(a) From Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri, who said: “Whoever reads Soorat al-Kahf on the night of Jumu’ah, will have a light that will stretch between him and the Ancient House (the Ka’bah).”
(Narrated by al-Daarimi, 3407)
(b) “Whoever reads Soorat al-Kahf on the day of Jumu’ah, will have a light that will shine from him from one Friday to the next.”
(Narrated by al-Haakim, 2/399; al-Bayhaqi, 3/249)
(c) It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Whoever reads Soorat al-Kahf on the day of Jumu’ah, a light will shine for him from beneath his feet to the clouds of the sky, which will shine for him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will be forgiven (his sins) between the two Fridays.’”
(al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, 1/298)
The soorah may be read during the night or the day of Jumu’ah. The night of Jumu’ah starts from sunset on Thursday, and the day of Jumu’ah ends at sunset. Therefore the time for reading this soorah extends from sunset on Thursday to sunset on Friday.
It was narrated that Abu Lubaabah ibn ‘Abd al-Mundhir said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Friday is the master of days, and the greatest of them before Allaah. It is greater before Allaah than the day of al-Adha and the day of al-Fitr. It has five characteristics: on this day Allaah created Adam, on it He sent Adam down to the earth, on it Allaah caused Adam to die, on it there is a time when a person does not ask Allaah for anything but He gives it to him, so long as he does not ask for anything haraam, and on it the Hour will begin. There is no angel who is close to Allaah, no heaven, no earth, no wind, no mountain and no sea that does not fear Friday.”
Narrated by Ibn Maajah, 1084