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Jibreel(Gabriel) peace be upon him the mighty in power and subservient to the will of the Almighty recited the verses to the Prophet of Islam peace be upon him in certain harmonious and rhythmic tone. Prophet of Islam Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him recited with the same synchronized manner to the companions and here we are reciting on the same footings of rules as revealed.
In fact this very requirement for reading the Quran is evident from the verse number 32 of Surah Furqan where Almighty mentions the Quran is revealed with intonation(tarteel). And in verse 4 of Surah Muzzammil the Almighty speaks to recite the Quran with intonation.
It is clear that Quran is the speech of Allah and every vocable of it. And that intonation is the proper manner to recite it. Now, in learning the rules that guide us to read it with intonation may at times bring tests and obstacles. The science of learning those rules is known as tajweed. Before proceeding further it is important to differentiate between tarteel and tajweed.
Tarteel is defined as to pronounce every letter with tajweed and to know the places of pauses while reciting. Whereas Tajweed means to pronounce every letter from its place of articulation and with all its attributes.
Some people do mention that it’s easier for Arabs to learn and recite Quran than non-Arabs. But that’s not true in most cases. Reason being that the only edge that the Arabs are having over non-Arabs in this regard is some phonetics that may not be found in any of non-Arab’s dialect. And it can be one of the obstacles as mentioned above that may arise. However, once you get that perfected, the greatest hindrance is out of your way. Other than that Muslims belonging to both the ethnicities need to learn and practice the rules of tajweed in the similar way.
Many a times, it would seem easy to adapt; and it is. Yet it would get frustrating to apply despite knowing the rule and pronunciation. “ع” and “ح”, “ء” and “ق”, “ہ” and “ک” may come out interchangeably but unintentionally. But then again it’s the golden rule of patience, pride and perseverance that would help you in practicing and repeating exercises to get perfected in articulation and pronunciation of alphabets.
Another way to keep oneself motivated and away from anxiety of repetitive mistakes is to listen and follow the pattern of the reciter that one likes and feels convenient to follow. A proper teacher and al mushaf al mu’allim of the most suited recite would show rapid results and strong envisioning.
We pray to Allah the Exalted endow us with the patience, pride and perseverance; and the strong determination to learn to read Quran in its true essence and to grant us wisdom to ponder upon the meanings of the verses and to practice upon them in principle.