بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ ٱلرَّحْمٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيْمِ
Bismillaahir rahmanir raheem
(In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.)
It is a verse of the Qur’an, being a part of the Chapter Naml (The Ant).
“Verily! It is from Sulaiman (Solomon), and verily! It (reads): In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful;”
Chapter Naml 27 : verse 30
Besides that it is in itself an independent verse of the Qur’an which has been revealed for being placed at the beginning of every chapter in order to separate and distinguish one chapter from another.
‘Bismillaahir rahmanir raheem’
‘with/in/by the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful’.
We must understand the difference between ‘Beneficent’ and ‘Most Merciful’.
‘Beneficent’ includes in its meaning mercy, goodness and giving, and ‘Merciful’ includes that also.
From an arabic perspective, the difference between Rahman and Raheem is that when Allah describes
He is describing the fact that His mercy encompasses everything.
This means that He is merciful even towards those people who deny Him. Everything in creation is subject to His mercy and receives His mercy in one way or another, regardless of how we might see things externally. You may see someone who is crippled and wonder why Allah made him this way. There is mercy in that. Because you may not be able to see it, you may wonder, ‘where is the mercy?’ But just because you can’t see it, doesn’t mean that it isn’t there. His mercy encompasses everything.
So, ‘Ar Rahmaan’ signifies the one whose mercy is common to all, and extends to the whole universe, to everything that is and will be created in the future.
It is the exclusive attribute of Allah and the word is employed only when one is referring to Him. It is not permissible to qualify any created being as ‘Rubmiin’, for there cannot possibly be anyone else, beside Allah, whose mercy should be all-embracing and all-inclusive. Just like the word ‘Allah’, there is no dual or plural for the word ‘Rahmaan’ too, because these words are in their signification exclusive to the One and Absolute Being which does not permit the
existence of a second or a third.
this is in reference to His special mercy reserved for the believers on the Day of Judgment. Only they will receive this special mercy. Mercy of ArRahmaan will come on the Day of Judgment too. But the special category of mercy, ArRaheem, is for those alone who believed and did righteous deeds and it would be bestowed upon them with utmost perfection in all possible ways.
Ar Raheem, signifies the one whose mercy is perfect in all possible ways. The signification of the word ‘Raheem’, does not contain anything which it should be impossible to find in a created being, for a man may be perfectly merciful in his dealings with another man. So, the word ‘Raheem’ may justifiably be employed in the case of a human being — as
the Qur’an itself has used the word in speaking of the Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, which is بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَؤُوفٌ رَحِيمٌ (He is gentle and very merciful towards the Muslims). Chapter Taubah 9: verse 28